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Onychomycosis, a fungal infection that primarily targets the nails of the toes, arises from diverse fungal sources, which can complicate effective treatment. Fortunately, a number of remedies are available to help combat this issue and restore healthy nails. Toenail fungal infections can lead to symptoms such as thickened, discolored, and deformed nails, causing discomfort and embarrassment. Topical medications, including antifungal nail polish, creams, and ointments, can be applied directly to the affected nail. For more severe infections, prescribed oral medications work from within to eliminate the underlying infection. Although they may require several weeks or even months of treatment, they offer better results for stubborn cases. Laser therapy is a less invasive option, which involves using a laser to target and destroy the fungal cells within the nail. In extreme cases, when the infection is particularly resistant or has caused significant damage, surgical removal of the affected nail may be necessary. This involves extracting the entire nail or a portion of it. If you have a fungal toenail infection that is not responding to common treatments, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for additional options.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
Orthotics are customized shoe or heel inserts made to address foot, leg, or back problems. Tailored to an individual's needs, orthotics can be a crucial component of treatment plans for various symptoms related to discomfort and pain in these areas. The aim of orthotics may be to correct foot deformities, improve foot and ankle function, provide ankle support, and reduce the risk of further injuries. Orthotics are used to address a number of medical conditions such as arthritis, back pain, bunions, bursitis, and diabetes-related foot issues. Orthotics also can be prescribed for flat feet, hammer toes, heel spurs, high arches, injuries, and plantar fasciitis. Orthotics can provide support, correct positioning, and alleviate stress on specific areas. They are often combined with supportive footwear, physical therapy, and medication for holistic treatment. Different types of orthotics, from rigid to flexible materials, cater to various conditions. Proper fitting and usage are essential for positive outcomes. If you have pain in your feet, legs, or back, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to see if orthotics may be a helpful part of a treatment plan.
If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact one of our podiatrists from Bergen Foot & Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Are Orthotics?
Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.
Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.
If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.
If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.
The Achilles tendon, located at the back of the ankle, plays a crucial role in walking, running, and jumping. To keep this vital tendon flexible and healthy, incorporating regular stretches into your routine is essential. One effective stretch is the calf stretch, which is done by standing while facing a wall, stepping one foot back, and leaning forward. The back leg remains straight with the heel on the ground. Another beneficial stretch is the seated calf stretch. This is accomplished by sitting with the legs extended, looping a towel around the ball of your foot, and gently pulling your toes towards you. Additionally, the downward dog yoga pose is fantastic for stretching the Achilles tendon. Remember to perform these stretches gradually and hold for approximately 20 to 30 seconds to enhance flexibility in addition to reducing the risk of developing an Achilles tendon injury. If you would like to learn more about stretches for the Achilles tendon, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for additional conversation.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Bergen Foot & Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
Painful deformities, such as hammertoes, can be treated. Stop living with foot pain, and have beautiful feet again!
A foot stress fracture is a hairline crack in a bone caused by repetitive stress or overuse. This common injury primarily affects the weight-bearing bones of the foot, such as the metatarsals. Athletes, runners, and those who engage in high-impact activities are particularly susceptible. Common symptoms of a stress fracture of the foot can include a gradual onset of pain that worsens during activities and eases with rest. Swelling surrounding the affected area often accompanies a stress fracture, it may be tender when touched. Some people that develop stress fractures may notice bruising near the fracture site, and it can be difficult to walk. The pain often subsides with rest but can return when activities resume. Early diagnosis is crucial in preventing further damage. Treatment typically involves rest, immobilization with a cast or brace, and modified activity. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. It is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist if you have developed a stress fracture.
Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from Bergen Foot & Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.
How Are They Caused?
Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon. Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.
Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.
Research has shown that approximately 20 percent of adults have foot pain regularly. There are various reasons why this can happen, including the wear and tear that can come from being obese. Stress fractures are a common source of foot pain among physically active people. This can happen from repetitive motion while frequently running or jogging, and the number of cases may have increased during the pandemic. Plantar fasciitis can begin with heel pain and often becomes worse without medical treatment. Diabetic patients experience foot pain which may be due to the nerve damage that often accompanies this condition. Psoriatic arthritis may begin with foot pain, and the ankle joints can become inflamed, too. If you have any type of foot pain, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively diagnose and treat foot pain conditions.
Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Bergen Foot & Ankle. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.
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